Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Pulmonary Tuberculosis is an infectious disease which usually affects the lungs caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Infectious means that you can get it from other people or give it to other people. TB can also develop in other parts of the body as extrapulmonary tuberculosis. TB is spread by aerosols from people with active Pulmonary TB when they cough, sneeze, speak, or spit. People nearby may breath in the bacteria and if they have a weak immune system, become infected.

Tuberculosis infection or inactive TB means that a person has TB bacteria but his body has been successful in fighting the bacteria, preventing it from causing illness. People with Tuberculosis infection do not feel sick, do not have symptoms and cannot spread TB germs.

Tuberculosis disease or active TB means that a person has TB bacteria but his body has been unsuccessful in fighting the bacteria. People with active TB feel sick, have symptoms and can spread TB germs.


Symptoms of Pulmonary Tuberculosis:

  • Continuous cough lasting more than three (3) weeks
  • Fever and sweating at night even when the weather is cold loss of appetite, tiredness and unplanned weight loss.
  • Chest pain

The good news is that TB is curable. Free TB treatment is available all over Nigeria in form of Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTs). TB requires treatment for 6 to 12 months to entirely eliminate the TB germ from the body.

If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, please consult your doctor.

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